Moby-Dick
by Herman Melville

Synopsis

This synopsis will contain spoilers!

Ishmael periodically finds himself restless, and so will join a ship as a sailor to refresh himself. Previously he has joined merchant ships, but this time he decides to join a whaling vessel, though his reasons are not entirely clear. Ishmael tries to find a place to stay, but the inn has no rooms so he is put up with Queequeg, a harpooner and a savage cannibal. Despite their differences in background and language (Queequeg can only speak a broken English), the two men become fast friends. Queequeg tells Ishmael that his god Yojo has told him that he must join whatever whaling vessel Ishmael ships with.

Ishmael finds a vessel, the Pequod, and signs up with them. Not long after, he meets a man named Elijah, who offers mysterious and unsettling commentary about any vessel that Ahab is a captain of. Despite these vague warnings, Ishmael still desires to join the Pequod and its crew. Queequeg has no difficulty in getting himself signed either, once they see his ability to handle a harpoon.

The journey begins on Christmas morning, when Ishmael sees mysterious figures boarding the ship before he does, and Elijah yet again enigmatically speaks of the journey to come. Aboard the ship, however, the figures are nowhere to be seen.

For the first few weeks of the voyage, Ahab does not leave his cabin, but as the weather warms, he comes on deck more and more to issue to orders and observe the crew. He has one leg made of ivory, and the ship is fitted to allow him to stand and move along it easily despite the handicap. One day, he stands before the crew and reveals his mad plan to hunt and kill Moby Dick. He offers the man who first spots the whale a gold doubloon. Starbuck becomes concerned that there captain would be so obsessed with a single whale, but he does nothing specific. As the voyage continues, and the men are able to hunt and kill other whales as normal, the first mate's fears subside a little, though it is clear that the men still think about their eventual goal.

They kill several whales, and meet several other ships as their journey continues. Ishmael also provides many factual details about the process of whaling the types of whales themselves. As they proceed closer to the Line, a massive feeding area where Ahab expects to find Moby Dick, the tension on the boat grows more intense. During one point, Pip the cabin-boy is flung off one of the whaling boats and left for a time until the Pequod picks him up. After, he becomes slightly mad. Queequeg grows ill at one point, and actually goes so far as to have a canoe coffin created for him for when he dies. When he does not die, however, the coffin is used to replace the lifeboat that subsequently becomes damaged.

The Pequod passes the Rachel, a ship whose captain is desperately searching for a lost boat which contains the captain's son. The missing boat was dragged off by Moby Dick after they darted the whale. Ahab, however, does not help, but instead continues on, knowing that the inevitable encounter is near.

The day before they find the whale, Ahab has a moment of understanding, and feeling for Starbuck and the family he has back in Nantucket, tells the mate he must not drop a boat to attack Moby Dick. The mate agrees, though tries again to convince Ahab he doesn't need to go after the whale either. The next day, the first day of fighting Moby Dick begins.

The Pequod drops their boats and goes after the great whale. Almost immediately, Moby Dick turns and destroys Ahab's boat, but no one is killed. They return to the Pequod and chase the whale until night fall. The next day they resume the chase and catch up with him yet again. They drop their boats and a long journey ensues, in which Moby Dick is darted many times. Eventually he tangles up the lines and destroys two boats before escaping again.

After more chasing, and another night of waiting, they set off to find the whale again. Eventually, Ahab realizes they have passed the whale, who is now slowed by all the harpoons. He stops only to see the whale behind him. He drops his boat and goes after him. The whale tips the boat and a sailor is thrown from the boat. The whale turns and runs right into the Pequod, breaking it open and causing it to sink. Ahab spears Moby Dick, but in trying to free the line, he is caught up in it and dragged under water to his death. Moby Dick leaves as the great boat sinks, all the men on board drowning with it.

Ishmael, the sailor thrown from Ahab's boat, survives when the coffin bursts up from the depths, allowing him to float upon it until rescued by the Rachel, still searching for their own lost boat.

Reviews

Moby-Dick - Digital
I can't emphasize enough how good this book is. - Dec. 4, 2012

Quotes

"Call me Ishmael."

Herman Melville the First Line of Moby-Dick

"The act of paying is perhaps the most uncomfortable infliction that the two orchard thieves entailed upon us."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"But wherefore it was that after having repeatedly smelt the sea as a merchant sailor, I should now take it into my head to go on a whaling voyage; this the invisible police officer of the Fates, who has the constant surveillance of me, and secretly dogs me, and influences me in some unaccountable way—he can better answer than any one else. And, doubtless, my going on this whaling voyage, formed part of the grand programme of Providence that was drawn up a long time ago. It came in as a sort of brief interlude and solo between more extensive performances. I take it that this part of the bill must have run something like this: "GRAND CONTESTED ELECTION FOR THE PRESIDENCY OF THE UNITED STATES. "WHALING VOYAGE BY ONE ISHMAEL. "BLOODY BATTLE IN AFFGHANISTAN.""

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"Huge hills and mountains of casks on casks were piled upon her wharves, and side by side the world-wandering whale ships lay silent and safely moored at last; while from others came a sound of carpenters and coopers, with blended noises of fires and forges to melt the pitch, all betokening that new cruises were on the start; that one most perilous and long voyage ended, only begins a second; and a second ended, only begins a third, and so on, for ever and for aye. Such is the endlessness, yea, the intolerableness of all earthly effort."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"In one word, Queequeg, said I, rather digressively; hell is an idea first born on an undigested apple-dumpling; and since then perpetuated through the hereditary dyspepsias nurtured by Ramadans."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"But when a man suspects any wrong, it sometimes happens that if he be already involved in the matter, he insensibly strives to cover up his suspicions even from himself."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"'Hark ye yet again—the little lower layer. All visible objects, man, are but as pasteboard masks. But in each event—in the living act, the undoubted deed—there, some unknown but still reasoning thing puts forth the mouldings of its features from behind the unreasoning mask. If man will strike, strike through the mask! How can the prisoner reach outside except by thrusting through the wall? To me, the white whale is that wall, shoved near to me. Sometimes I think there's naught beyond. But 'tis enough. He tasks me; he heaps me; I see in him outrageous strength, with an inscrutable malice sinewing it. That inscrutable thing is chiefly what I hate; and be the white whale agent, or be the white whale principal, I will wreak that hate upon him.'"

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"All men live enveloped in whale-lines. All are born with halters round their necks; but it is only when caught in the swift, sudden turn of death, that mortals realize the silent, subtle, ever-present perils of life. And if you be a philosopher, though seated in the whale-boat, you would not at heart feel one whit more of terror, than though seated before your evening fire with a poker, and not a harpoon, by your side."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"I try all things; I achieve what I can."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"What is best let alone, that accursed thing is not always what least allures."

Herman Melville in Moby-Dick

"It was the devious-cruising Rachel, that in her retracing search after her missing children, only found another orphan."

Herman Melville the Last Line of in Moby-Dick

Originally Published Oct. 18, 1851

Digital edition:

556 pages - March 24, 2011

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